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Co-witness auditory memory conformity following discussion: a misinformation paradigm. One of the causes of false testimonies is memory conformity. witness already holds an incorrect recollection of the event, research suggests that exposure to confirmatory misinforma-tion from a co-witness can elicit an increased sense of confi-dence (Allwood et al., 2006; Semmler et al. They found that the masculinity levels of co-witnesses negatively correlated with conformity although there were no significant sex differences. In Experiment 3, we discounted the possibility that discussion alone could account for the line-up misinformation effect, by subjecting all participants to co-witness discussion. Keywords: Co-witness , Memory conformity , Misinformation , Eyewitness identification , Photographic line-ups Mori K, Kishikawa T. Twenty-four Japanese undergraduate pairs (12 male and 12 female pairs) participated as witnesses to a simulated criminal event. These results replicate previous findings and demonstrate a robust memory conformity effect. Co-witness memory conformity is also influenced by participant characteristics. When one witness discusses his or her memory for a past event with another, that information can distort the memories of other witnesses. The Power of a Co-witness: When More Power Leads to More Conformity ROLANDO N. CAROL1*, MARIANNA E. CARLUCCI2, ASIA A. EATON1 and DANIEL B. WRIGHT1 1MMC, Department of Psychology, Florida International University, Miami, USA 2Department of Psychology, Loyola University Maryland, Baltimore, USA Summary: Theeffect ofthepower dynamicbetweenco-witnessesonmemory … For example, socially avoidant participants tend to conform less whereas socially anxious participants tend to conform more (Wright et al., 2012, Wright et al., 2010). Some researchers have attempted to address this issue (e.g., Azad, Lindsay& Brimacombe, 2010; Gabbert et al., 2007; Paterson & Kemp, 2006), however it remains unclear whether the conformity is due to memory distortion or other factors. traits of co-witness pairs along with the gender effect on conformity among co-witness pairs. of co-witness memory conformity, we do not know why witnesses often report information provided by a co-witness. And this is where the process of “co-witness conformity” occurs – in other words eyewitnesses are influenced into including things they didn’t actually see in their statements. Co-witness discussion -critical view and recommendation to a lawyer about affection on memory accuracy Through different studies “memory conformity” could be investigated as a phenomenon, in which memories of participants were distorted after confederates provided misinformation and thereby influenced the participant’s memories. Co-witness Conformity Social-cognitive theories indicate that co-witness conformity A common finding for memory conformity research, regardless of procedure or stimuli used, is thatsocial influences encountered in the form of postevent information from a cowitness can mediate accuracy in joint recall and recognition tasks, with individuals often exhibiting conformity to the suggestions and judgments of others. 2004). K eywor ds: co-witness discussion; memory conformity; eyewitness testimony Introduction Co-witnesses ca n influence each other’ s memory reports when discussing a crim inal event False eyewitness testimonies are a problem that affects the lives of many defendants. It was not found that believers in the paranormal were more susceptible than non-believers to memory distortion for a non-paranormal event. Provided by a co-witness masculinity levels of co-witnesses negatively correlated with conformity although were. 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